TOPIC1 Pollution and Development
Petro-chemical plants, oil refineries and factories especially in Sumgayit and Baku; oil refineries, venting of natural gas from oil wells; burning of untreated garbage; and exhausts from engines. Sumgayit has about 40 chemical factories, it’s an important industrial center of the former Soviet union. Each year there are 120000 tons of toxic radioactive contamination from those factories. Health will affected especially to the pulmonary, digestive, circulatory, and immune systems. In severe cases, genetic mutation may occur.
Ground water pollution from oil spillage and leakage from pipeline and storage tanks resulting in petroleum hydrocarbons, heavy metals and possibly radiation contamination; run off from heavy usage of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture; factory wastes dumped into rivers; salinity of water table due to rise in Caspian Sea and sea water intrusion; rusted water pipes; obsolete and broken equipment in water treatment plants.
Burning of garbage in large dumps outside the major cities; breeding places for disease-spreading insects, rats, and wild dogs. Inadequate and antiquated equipment to treat liquid wastes. Incomplete combustion of burning leads to air pollution; untreated sewage being released into rivers and Caspian; contamination when seepage from landfills and waste ponds enters ground water.
TOPIC 2 The Obesity Epidemic
Azerbaijani's main food is High Calorie Foods, like beef and mutton. So the people live there are all plump. There are 6.2% of children who under 5 years old over weight in Azerbaijan. So Azerbaijani are not very fat but they are plump and strong.